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Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine focused on the digestive system and its disorders. Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which include the organs from mouth into anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this speciality. Gastroenterology is the study of the normal function and diseases of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver. Physicians practicing in this field are called gastroenterologists. They treat problems and diseases of the digestive system and are experts in how the digestive system works. As experts, they can do more than just treat problems. They can also help both adults and children learn what they need to do to keep their system healthy.
After consultation, a gastroenterologist may prescribe: