Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine focused on the digestive system and its disorders. Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which include the organs from mouth into anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this speciality. Gastroenterology is the study of the normal function and diseases of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver. Physicians practicing in this field are called gastroenterologists. They treat problems and diseases of the digestive system and are experts in how the digestive system works. As experts, they can do more than just treat problems. They can also help both adults and children learn what they need to do to keep their system healthy.


  • Heartburn, nausea, vomiting, bloating,
  • Increase in the volume of the abdomen
  • Belching with an unpleasant aftertaste
  • Bitterness in the mouth, bad breath
  • Yellowness, weight loss, weakness, decreased appetite
  • Skin rashes of unknown etiology
  • Epigastrium pain in right and left hypochondria, in lower abdomen
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Blood and mucus appearances in the feces


After consultation, a gastroenterologist may prescribe:

  • Biochemical blood test,
  • Feces analysis,
  • HIV test,
  • Hepatitis test
  •  Ultrasound procedure
  •  CT and/or MRI


  • Chronic gastritis
  • Peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum
  • Pancreatitis
  • Colitis
  • Hepatitis
  • Cholecystitis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Cirrhosis